Le Musée de l'Impression sur Etoffes
Technically, Printing on textile can be defined
as the reproduction of one decoration by application
of one tool loaded with colouring material on a
textile support. In 18th century, the engraved Wood
block, used since the 14th century for pigments
printing, dominates. The meeting between the
proceeds of coloration from India provokes its
The designer realize a model with gouache in a real
size. For each colour of the motive, the engraver
makes a block with a fruiterer wood often completed
by the insertion of teeth and small strips of brass
for a work in precision.
Finally, the printer put the blocks full of coloring
material on the cloth and apply a blow of
mallet. Wood block printing is practiced in plenty
of workshops until the middle of 20th century. It
remains until 1980.
In 1769 Watt and Boulton invented the first steam driven machine. Unfortunately the high accident rate, coupled with heavy pollution slowed down it's progress.
The year 1783 saw the first patent for textile printing machine using engraved copper rollers. Thomas Bell, a Scotsman was it's inventor.
Fourteen years later, the textile manufacturer "Jouy en Josas" put into production the first copper roller textile printing machine in France.
A rival machine, invented by Jean Louis Lefebvre at the beginning of the 19th Century proved to be very successful, and as widely used in Beauvais, the
area as well as in Alsace and Germany.